The Plenary

1.      On the Plenary

The Plenary of the Assembly is the final decision organ which carries out the legislative, scrutiny and other functions. Bills debated in the committees are enacted upon the approval of the Plenary.

The motions on obtaining information and methods of scrutiny, except motions of written questions, are submitted for the information of the Plenary or deliberated in the Plenary.

Furthermore, the decisions taken and the elections held in the Plenary pertain to various matters foreseen in the Constitution, the Rules of Procedure and laws.

2.      First Meeting and Oath Taking

The Plenary convenes without summons at 2 pm on the third day following the announcement of the final results of a parliamentary election by the Supreme Board of Election.

In this sitting, first an oath-taking ceremony is conducted by each deputy. Deputies who are unable to attend the oath-taking ceremony shall take the oath at the beginning of the first sitting in which they participate. Deputies take the oath by reading out the text in the Constitution from the rostrum.

3.      Working Days and Hours of the Plenary

As a general rule, the Assembly sits on Tuesdays from 3 pm to 9 pm, Wednesdays and Thursdays from 2 pm to 9 pm. However, depending on a proposal of the Board of Spokesmen and a decision of the Plenary, the Assembly may sit during various hours and on various days of the week.

In practice, the Plenary may convene earlier than 3 pm or 2 pm and work later than 9 pm or on the weekends, particularly during budgetary debates.

4.      Agenda of the Plenary

The Plenary performs its activities in accordance with its own agenda. The agenda of the Plenary is printed out and distributed during the days on which the Assembly sits.

The agenda of the Plenary consists of the following parts:


1. Presentation of the Office of the Speaker to the Plenary

The various subjects for the information and approval of the Plenary are presented in this part.

These are:

  • Presidential memoranda,
  • Memoranda of the Office of the Speaker,
  • Memoranda of the committee chairmanships,
  • The reports of the Joint Committee in respect of  deferral of parliamentary immunity until the end of the legislative term,
  • Proposals of the Board of Spokespersons and the political party groups,
  • Motions directly put on the agenda,
  • Motions calling for an extraordinary meeting,
  • Other presentations.

2. Special Agenda

The matters that must be concluded in a certain period of time pursuant to the provisions of the Constitution and Rules of Procedure are deliberated within a special agenda. Special agendas and dates of debate are recommended by the Board of Spokesmen and determined by the Plenary.

Those are:

  • Budget and Final Account Bills,
  • General debate,
  • Debate on the reports of the committees of inquiry,
  • Debate on motions of parliamentary investigation and committee reports.

3.  Elections

Elections of the Speaker, the Bureau and committee members, and the election of the members of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Council of Radio and Television, the Board of the Protection of Personal Data, the Council of Judges and Prosecutors, the Chief Ombudsperson, and the Court of Accounts are held in this section.

4.The Matters to be Voted

Matters which will merely be voted on without any debate fall in this section, for instance, bills that are all necessary debates are completed and are ready to be voted on.

5. Reports of Parliamentary Investigation

While first debates on opening a parliamentary investigation take place in the special agenda, the report drawn up by the committee is deliberated in this section after establishing committees of investigation.

6. Preliminary Debates Regarding General Debate and Parliamentary Inquiry

A general debate or preliminary debates on the motion of a parliamentary inquiry are dealt with in this section.

7. Bills and Other Business of the Committees

Committee reports on Bills debated by the committees, Joint Committee reports on parliamentary immunity, and other committee reports are dealt with in this section.

According to article 49 of the Rules of Procedure of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, specific time of a day can be allocated for preliminary debates regarding general debate and parliamentary inquiry upon a proposal of the Board of Spokespersons and approve of the Plenary. And also, a specific day can be allocated for elections and the matters to be voted.

Upon a proposal of the Board of Spokespersons the Plenary may alter the days of debate of this section.

The order of the items in the sections of the agenda is decided according to the sequence of the business in the course of admittance by the Office of the Speaker.

5.      Speeches off the Agenda

In extraordinarily urgent cases considered necessary to be announced to the Plenary, by the discretion of the Speaker or Deputy Speaker, at most three deputies are allowed to speak on matters not on the agenda, not exceeding five minutes before moving to the agenda.

Speaking on matters not on the agenda is requested from the Speaker or Vice-Speaker presiding over the sitting of that day.  The Speaker or Vice-Speaker determines the deputies to be given the floor, taking into consideration criteria such as the importance and actuality of the matter and the balance among the political party groups.

The President, the vice-Presidents and the ministers have right to demand non-agenda speech in extraordinarily urgent cases. The Speaker shall fulfill this request. After the President, the vice-Presidents or the ministers’ speech off the agenda, political party groups are given the floor not exceeding ten minutes. In addition, a deputy who is the member of a political party without a parliamentary group or an independent deputy is permitted to speak for a period not exceeding five minutes.