The Right to Introduce Bills
The law can be formally defined as “the legislative act adopted by the Assembly in accordance with the relevant procedure.” The law can also be defined as “general, objective and impersonal legal rules.”
2. Right to Introduce Bills, Government Bills and Private Members’ Bills
The right to introduce bills belongs to the deputies and the Council of Ministers. The bills introduced by the deputies are described as “private members’ bills.” Private members’ Bills may be introduced by one or more than one deputy. The bills introduced by the government are called “government bills.” Government bills must contain the signatures of the Prime Minister and all ministers.
The bills are submitted to the Office of the Assembly. The government bills are numbered as (1/…), and private members’ bills are numbered as (2/…).
3. The Requirements for the Bills
The bills must be drafted in accordance with the requirements provided in the Rules of Procedure. These requirements are as follows;
· Signature: The government bills must contain the signatures of all members of the Council of Ministers, and private members’ bills must include the signature of at least one deputy.
· Explanatory Memoranda: The bills are introduced with their explanatory memoranda. The reasons for drafting the bill are explained in the explanatory memoranda of the bill. The reasons for new provisions or articles that are repealed, amended or added are explicitly specified in the justification of each article.
· The text of the bill: The text of the bill including articles appears after the explanatory memoranda. The text appears under an appropriate title.
· Not including abusive and insulting remarks:The bills shall not include abusive and insulting language.
· Restriction on the bills that are rejected by the Plenary: The bills that are rejected by the Plenary cannot be introduced sooner than one year from the date of rejection within the same parliamentary term.
The introductory part including the signatures, explanatory memorandum, and the text appear on separate pages. The government bills are drafted according to “The Regulation on the Rules and Procedures of Law Drafting” and are submitted to the Office of the Speaker.
The parts that must be included in the bills are the introduction page, explanatory memoranda, justification of articles, text of bill (title and articles, tables and lists (if any)).