1. Parliamentary Question
A parliamentary question is a way of obtaining information from the Prime Minister or minister through a motion on certain matters concerning the duties and activities of the government. Questions can be oral or written depending on the required form of reply.
2. Conditions for Motions of Questions
The motions of questions, in accordance with the Rules of Procedure, must comply with the following conditions in form and content:
• Questions must be brief. Oral questions cannot consist of more than 100 words.
• Questions must not include any annexes.
• Questions must be directed to the Prime Minister or one minister only.
• Questions must be addressed to the Office of the Speaker.
• Questions must be signed by only one deputy, indicating his or her name, surname and constituency.
• Questions must be prepared without justification. Personal opinions must not be expressed.
• Questions must not include personal or private life matters.
• Questions whose answers can easily be obtained from other sources are not appropriate.
• The purpose of the questions must not be consultation only.
• Questions concerning the same matter that are asked by a motion of censure are not appropriate.
• Questions must not include rude and insulting words.
In addition, in accordance with the Constitution, questions concerning the exercise of judicial power in a case under trial cannot be asked.
3. Preparation and Process of Motions of Questions
Motions of questions sent to the General Documentation Departmentto be registered are referred to the Department of Laws and Resolutions, where they are processed.
The motion of a question is reviewed according to the conditions of form and content, which must be in accordance with the provisions of the Rules of Procedure and the Constitution. If the motion of a question does not conform to the necessary requirements, the Speaker may send it back to the sponsor with an annexure containing a justification. The sponsor of the motion can re-submit the motion if only he or she corrects the matters specified in the justification for the motion’s return.
Written questions are numbered as (7/…) and oral questions as (6/…) according to the order of admittance by the Office of the Speaker. The number of the motion, the name, surname, and constituency of the deputy, and the subject of the motion are published in the Order Paper. The motions of questions are sent to the Prime Ministry and the ministry concerned by the Office of the Speaker.
4. Responding to Written Questions
The period of answering written questions is 15 days after the Office of the Speaker notifies the Prime Ministry and the ministry concerned.
The answer to the written question is submitted to the Office of the Speaker by the Prime Ministry or ministry concerned. One copy of the written answer is sent to the deputy who is the sponsor of the question.
The answer, together with the question text, will be published in the Journal of Minutes of the sitting in which the answer is received by the Office of the Speaker, or in the Journal of Minutes of the next sitting, which will be announced on the Assembly’s web page.
The Prime Ministry or ministry concerned may demand an additional period of one month if the period is not long enough for collecting the necessary information.
If the written question is not answered within 15 days and no additional period is demanded, the Speaker notifies the Prime Minister and minister concerned and gives them exactly 10 days as a final period.
If the answer is still not given during this period, the unanswered question is announced in the Order Paper under the title “unanswered written questions in their period,” indicating the sponsor, number, summary and submission of the motion.
5. Answering of Oral Questions
Oral questions are included in the Plenary Agenda in the “Oral Questions” part according to their order number five days after their referral to the Prime Ministry and ministry concerned.
The oral questions included in the agenda are answered orally in the Plenary. Generally, one hour at the beginning of the sittings on Tuesday and Wednesday is allocated as oral question time in every legislative term.
The sponsor, a summary of the motion, and the name of the government member concerned are read out respectively before starting the debates on oral questions in the Plenary.
If the minister concerned indicates that he or she is present in the Plenary and is ready to answer the question, the Speaker has the secretary member read out the text of motion of question. After the motion of question is read out, the minister answers the question within five minutes. After the question is answered, the deputy who sponsored the motion is allowed to request a very short additional explanation from his or her seat. If the minister wants to give this additional explanation, he or she can answer within five minutes. The process ends after this answer. The motion will be removed from the agenda when the question is answered.
The minister, who takes the floor on behalf of the government, may answer more than one oral question that is on the agenda regardless of order. The minister who wants to use this right informs the Speaker of his or her request in advance. The Speaker announces this request to the Plenary.
Oral questions on the same matters are answered jointly.
If the oral question is not replied to within three sittings in the Plenary, it is converted into a written question. The motion that is converted to a written question will be removed from the agenda and will be sent to the ministry concerned to be answered in writing.
6. Withdrawal of a motion of question
Motions of questions are considered being processed from the time they are sent to the Office of the Speaker until they are answered. The motion of question being processed can always be withdrawn by the sponsor of the motion with a letter. If an oral motion of question on the Plenary agenda is withdrawn, the Plenary is informed of the withdrawal petition.
7. Questions Directed to the Speaker
An oral or written question may be submitted to the Office of the Speaker concerning the duties of the Speaker, the Bureau, the members of the Bureau, and the Board of Spokespersons related to the activities of the Assembly.
These questions are answered by the Speakeror one of the Vice-Speakers designated by the Speaker. If the question is oral, it will be placed on the Plenary agenda seven days after the motion has been submitted.
The provisions that apply to these questions are the same as those that apply to the questions directed to the government.