1. Parliamentary Inquiry
A parliamentary inquiry is a way of obtaining information from and to have a specific matter scrutinized by a special committee.
2. The Conditions for the Motion of Parliamentary Inquiry
· A parliamentary inquiry may be initiated with a written motion of the government, political party groups or at least 20 deputies.
· The motion submitted by a political party group must have the name, surname, constituency and signature of the group chairperson or the deputy chairperson. The motion submitted by 20 deputies must have the name, surname, constituency and signatures of the deputies.
· The motion must be on a specific matter. The matter of the motion must not be vague, general or open to interpretation.
· The text of the motion must not exceed 500 words. If it exceeds the number of words, a summary text of less than 500 words must be annexed to the motion.
· The matter of the motion must not be about commercial and state secrets.
· The matter of the motion must not be about using the judicial power of a lawsuit that is in process.
· The motion must not include rude and insulting words.
· The motion must be addressed to the Office of the Speaker.
3. The Process for the Motion of Parliamentary Inquiry
The motion of parliamentary inquiry is registered in the General Documentation and is referred to the Department of Laws and Resolutions.
The motion, which is reviewed in the framework of the Constitution and the Rules of Procedure, takes a (10/…) number. The motion is placed in the Order Paper with the following information: the name, surname, and constituency of the first signatory deputy, the number of signatures, a summary reflecting the content, the number, and the date of submission to the Office of the Speaker.
The motion, which is read out during the Plenary debate under the section “Presentations of the Office of the Speaker to the Plenary” on the agenda, shall be provided for information. The motion is placed under the section “General Debate and Preliminary Debates Concerning Parliamentary Inquiry” on the agenda according to its registration number.
4. Committees of Parliamentary Inquiry
The establishment of a committee of parliamentary inquiry is subject to the same procedure as a general debate. Launching a parliamentary inquiry or not is decided at the end of the Plenary debate by voting through show of hands.
If it is decided to launch a parliamentary inquiry, a committee is established. The issues regarding the number of committee members, and the duration of the committee — if necessary, working in Ankara — is decided by the Plenary upon the Speaker’s proposal. The political party groups are represented in the committee in proportion to their powers.
Ministries, other public institutions, local governments, universities, public economic enterprises, banks and institutions established by special laws, public professional institutions having the status of public institutions, and non-profit associations may provide information at the request of the committee of parliamentary inquiry. The committee of inquiry may also conduct investigations in the institutions mentioned above, and may also listen to the officials concerned.
The committees of parliamentary inquiry must conclude their work within three months. The Plenary may extend the duration of the committee for an additional one month if the committee cannot complete its work within three months. A debate on the reasons for not concluding the inquiry or about the conclusions drawn up until that time is held in the plenary within 15 days after this four- month period has expired. The Plenary may find this debate sufficient or may establish a new committee of inquiry.
The committee of parliamentary inquiry produces a report which indicates the current condition and dimensions of the matter, expresses the cause of the problem, and the measures to be taken in all aspects. After the published report has been distributed to the deputies, a general debate on the report is held in the Plenary.
The first signatory deputy of the motion of parliamentary inquiry or another signatory deputy designated by him or her has the right to speak first during the general debate on the report held in the Plenary. Besides, two deputies in their own capacities, the committee, the government, and political party groups have the right to speak. Speaking time is subject to general provisions. The reports of the committee are published in the Journal of Minutes and are available on the internet.
5. Established Committees of Inquiry Until Today