Censure is a way of parliamentary scrutiny concerning the general policy of the Council of Ministers or the policies and applications a minister follows in his or her ministry. It is an effective way of scrutinizing the government, which may result in the removal of the government, its minister or the Prime Minister upon a motion of no-confidence or a motion of confidence requested by the Council of Ministers at the end of debates.
2. The Conditions for a Motion of Censure
· A motion of censure is tabled on behalf of a political party group, or with the signature of at least 20 deputies. The motion must include the name, surname, constituency, and signature of the deputy.
· The text of the motion must not exceed 500 words. If it exceeds the number of words, a summary text that has less than 500 words must be annexed to the motion. This summary text is read out during the Plenary.
· The motion must not include rude and insulting words.
· The motion must be addressed to “the Office of The Speaker.”
3. The Process of a Motion of Censure and the Procedure of Debate
A motion of censure is published and distributed to the deputies by the Office of the Speaker within three days after its submission. The Plenary must debate whether to put the motion on the agenda within 10 days following the distribution of the motion. During this debate, only one of the sponsors of the motion, one deputy on behalf of each party group, the Prime Minister or a minister on behalf of the Council of Ministers have the right to speak.
The decision to table a motion of censure is to be included in the agenda of the Plenary, and a certain day must also be determined for the debate of censure. A debate on censure cannot be earlier than two days and later than seven days after the decision of the Plenary.
During the debates on censure, a motion of no-confidence with justifications tabled by the deputies or political party groups or a vote of confidence requested by the Council of Ministers must be voted for after one day.
During voting, only the no-confidence votes are counted. The removal of the Council of Ministers or the minister concerned requires the votes of an absolute majority (276) of the total number of deputies.